Pakistan

UNGA approves 4 Pakistani resolutions on disarmament to promote peace, int’l security

United Nations: The United Nations General Assembly approved four annual Pakistani disarmament-related resolutions that are aimed at advancing the goals of regional as well as international peace and security.

The resolutions were recommended on Monday by the 193-member Assembly’s First Committee (Disarmament and International Security) where the texts were adopted by overwhelming support of its members.

Of these, three resolutions deal with regional disarmament, conventional arms control at regional and sub-regional levels as well as Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) in the regional and sub-regional context. The fourth Pakistani resolution sought international security assurances for non-nuclear-weapon states.

The resolutions, entitled “Regional Disarmament and Confidence Building Measures” in the regional and sub-regional context, won the unanimous approval of the Assembly – adopted without a vote. But the resolution on “Conventional arms control at regional and sub-regional levels” was supported by an overwhelming majority of 186 votes, with India casting the only “no vote.”

The resolution titled, Conclusion of effective international arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons, was also approved by a large majority. It garnered 123 votes in favour to none against, with 62 abstentions.

Diplomats said that all four resolutions recognize the significance of and complementarity between regional and global approaches to arms control, disarmament and confidence building to promote international peace, security and stability.

The resolutions also draw attention to the excessive conventional military danger in the regional context – implicitly in South Asia -, propose measure to address the associated risks and encourage efforts aimed at promoting confidence building Measures (CBMs) at the regional and sub-regional levels to ease regional tensions; and further disarmament and nuclear non-proliferation measures. They said the resolution on conventional arms control at regional and sub-regional levels acknowledges that the preservation of a balance in states’ defence capabilities strengthens peace and stability.

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