1924: October: Muslim notables in Srinagar present memorandum to British Viceroy regarding Maharaja’s misrule and set forth popular demands. This is sequel to labour strike in state-run silk factory in which workers were charged by troops commanded by Hari Singh, then the heir apparent, and their leader tortured to death. »

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June 11: Quaid-e-Azam declares policy of not putting any pressure on any state in making its choice.

July 19: Convention of Muslim Conference urges Kashmir’s accession to Pakistan.

August 11: British Indian government returns Gilgit, leased to it in 1934, to Maharaja. »

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January 1:India lodges complaint with UN Security Council alleging that situation, continuance of which is likely to endanger peace and security, has developed between Pakistan and India owing invaders into the State of Jammu and Kashmir. India places their number at 19,000. The letter stresses that India is not using the “State’s immediate peril for her own political advantage” and repeats that once the State has been “cleared of the invader and normal conditions restored, its people would be free to decide their future by recognised democratic method of a plebiscite or referendum which, in order to ensure complete impartiality, might be held under international auspices”. The complaint requests the Security Council to ask Pakistan to desist from the course it has chosen. »

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January 1: Ceasefire takes effect on all fronts “pursuant to the agreement arrived at as provided for in UNCIP resolution of August 13, 1948”. Relief and joyful expectancy at popular level (especially in Kashmir) is dampened by skepticism in knowledgeable circles about prospect of implementation of peace plan. »

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1956, November 17: Jammu and Kashmir Constituent Assembly adopts constitution which includes un-amendable provision about State being an integral part – atoot ang – of India. New constitution due to come in force on January 26, 1957. It declares, “the State of Jammu and Kashmir is and shall be an integral part of the Union of India.” »

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February 1: After an interval of four years, Kashmir returns to Security Council at Pakistan’s request, which India opposes but at Pakistan’s insistence, meeting is convened. Pakistan’s delegate Zafrullah Khan draws Council’s attention to recent Indian statements, which he sees as posing threat to the security of Pakistan and Kashmir. Reference is made to call by Indian National Congress President Sanjiva Reddy in Patna on 4 January 1962 “for liberation of areas under Pakistan’s occupation in Kashmir”. Also brought to Council’s notice is Indian Defence Minister Krishna Menon’s statement threat that India will “take steps to end Chinese and Pakistani aggression in India”. »

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Second round of Pak-India talks at Delhi – January 16-20 – and third at Karachi – April 21-25 – see Pakistan calling for plebiscite and India opposing it, at fourth round at Calcutta – March 12-14 – India suggests readjustment of ceasefire line to settle dispute which Pakistan rejects, while fifth round at Karachi – »

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January 3: Ayub and Shastri meet in Tashkent and reach agreement with Soviet Union playing honest broker.

January 10: The Tashkent Declaration does not deal with Kashmir dispute but notes its existence. Some see it as having relegated issue to cold storage while concentrating general improvement of relations. »

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January 14: Plebiscite Front led by Sheikh Abdullah is banned by the Indian Home Ministry under Unlawful Activities Act to keep it out of State elections.

January 30: Ganga, an Indian Airlines Fokker Friendship airliner with 30 passengers and crew on board is hijacked to Lahore while flying from Srinagar to Jammu by two young Kashmiris seeking release of 36 political prisoners in Indian-held Kashmir, asylum in Pakistan for them and their families’ which are still in Srinagar. »

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1976

September: Abdullah announces that he intends to bring some form of alliance with Awami Action Committee led by Mirwaiz Farooq who has been held for a short time in June after an anti-Abdullah demonstration. However, the promised rapprochement never quite takes place. »

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1991

May 5: 73 Kashmiris described by India as militants are killed near cease-fire line.

May 8: Up to 50 people are killed when security forces fire at funeral procession.

1992

February 11: JKLF leader Amanullah Khan leads march through Azad Kashmir in a bid to cross cease-fire line. Marchers stopped well short of line, many are arrested. »

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January 01: British Foreign Secretary Douglas Hurd stresses the need for an end to encouragement of violence in Indian-occupied Kashmir.

January 8: Pakistan Foreign Minister Sardar Aasef Ahmad Ali believes the government has quite successfully managed to chip away India’s citadel of maintaining status quo on Kashmir. The Chairman of the National Assembly’s Committee on Kashmir, Nawabzada Nasrullah Khan says that an international conspiracy was being hatched in the name of elections to divert the attention of the world community from the human rights violations being committed by India in occupied Kashmir. »

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