Resolution 39 (1948)
Submitted by the Representative of Belgium and adopted by the Security
Council at its 230th meeting he’d on 20 January, 1948.
(Document No. S/654, dated the 20th January, 1948).
THE SECURITY COUNCIL
Considering that it may investigate any dispute or any situation which might, by its continuance,
endanger the maintenance of international peace and security, and that, in the existing state of affairs
between India and Pakistan, such an investigation is a matter of urgency. Adopts the following
[A] A Commission of the Security Council is hereby established, composed of representatives of
three Members of the United Nations, one to be selected by India, one to be selected by Pakistan,
and the third to be designated by the two so selected. Each representative on the Commission shall
be entitled to select his alternates and assistants.
[B] The Commission shall proceed to the spot as quickly as possible. It shall act under the authority
of the Security Council and in accordance with the directions it may receive from it. It shall keep the
Security Council currently informed of its activities and of the development of the situation. It shall
report to the Security Council regularly, submitting its conclusions and proposals.
[C] The Commission is invested with a dual function;
(1) to investigate the facts pursuant to Article 34 of the Charter of the United Nations;
(2) to exercise, without interrupting the work of the Security Council, any mediatory influence
likely to smooth away difficulties, to carry out the directions given to it by the Security
Council; and to report how far the advice and directions, if any, of the Security Council, have
been carried out.
[D] The Commission shall perform the functions described in Clause C:
(1) in regard to the situation in the Jammu and Kashmir State set out in the letter of the
Representative of India addressed to the President of the Security Council, dated 1 January
1948, and in the letter from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Pakistan addressed to the
Secretary-General, dated 15 January 1948; and
(2) in regard to other situations set out in the letter from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of
Pakistan addressed to the Secretary-General, dated 15 January 1948, when she Security
Council so directs.
[E] The Commission shall take its decision by majority vote. It shall determine its own procedure. It
may allocate among its members, alternate members, their assistants, and its personnel such duties as
may have to be fulfilled for the realisation of its mission and the reaching of its conclusions.
[F] The Commission, its members, alternate members, their assistants, and its personnel, shall be
entitled to journey, separately or together, wherever the necessities of their task may require, and, in
particular within those territories which are the theatre of the events of which the Security Council is
[G] The Secretary-General shall furnish the Commission with such personnel and assistance as it
may consider necessary.
The Security Council voted on this Resolution on 20-1-1948 with the following result:
In favour: Argentina, Belgium, Canada, China, Colombia, France, Syria, U.K., and U.S.A.
Abstaining: Ukrainian S.S.R. and U.S.S.R.