September: Abdullah announces that he intends to bring some form of alliance with Awami Action Committee led by Mirwaiz Farooq who has been held for a short time in June after an anti-Abdullah demonstration. However, the promised rapprochement never quite takes place.


March: Members of Congress in (Indian-held) Kashmir Assembly withdraw support from Sheikh Abdullah’s administration under the urging of Delhi, which is increasingly uncomfortable with the Sheikh and openly disenchanted with Delhi Accord of 1975.

March 16-20: Elections called by Mrs. Gandhi produce unexpected results, she loses and state of emergency under which she has been ruling is lifted.

March 27: Abdullah persuades Governor of Indian-held Kashmir to dissolve Assembly and order fresh elections in order to defeat conspiracies being hatched against him.

June 30-July 3: Elections take place and Abdullah’s National Conference wins 47 out of 76 Assembly seats.

July 5: Zulfikar Ali Bhutto’s government is overthrown in a coup by his army chief, Gen. Zia-ul-Haq.


December: Riots break out in Poonch.


January-March: Riots that broke out in Poonch city in December 1978 continue into January through March against charges of nepotism by National Conference government. Police firing kills 10 people. There are also riots in Jammu over “regional imbalances”.

June: Four parties including one formed by Abdullah’s old comrade, Afzal Beg, form alliance against National Conference and passage of a controversial bill that, if passed, can only go towards establishment of one-party rule.

September 29: Controversial Bill is passed.


January: Mrs. Gandhi is returned to power in India.

July13: Abdullah says, “No one would be allowed to enslave us again”.

July 22: Mrs. Gandhi reprimands Abdullah when they meet in Delhi.


January 23: Abdullah nominates his son, Farooq Abdullah, as his successor.

August: Abdullah gets Farooq Abdullah elected President of National Conference.

Disagreement between Abdullah and Delhi over definition of who is or isn’t a Kashmiri citizen ensues. The Resettlement Bill which Abdullah wants passed will practically obliterate the cease-fire line in the sense that refugees who from Indian-held Kashmir living in Azad Kashmir obtain right of return to State as if they are returning residents.


September 8: Sheikh Abdullah dies in Srinagar. Farooq Abdullah takes over as Chief Minister.


January-May: Relations between Farooq and Delhi deteriorate. National Conference announces that it is fighting State election due that year, by contesting all 76 seats, leaving Congress (Indira group) no option but to follow suit. National Conference sweeps Valley in May elections, winning 46 seats, while Congress scores landslide in Jammu with 26 seats. Riots in Srinagar with several hundred injured.

October 5-6: Farooq Abdullah hosts conclave of Indian opposition parties in Srinagar.


February 11: Maqbul Butt, head of Jammu-Kashmir Liberation Front hanged in Tihar jail in Delhi. Widespread protests in Pakistan, Azad Kashmir and Valley.

April 26: Jagmohan is appointed as the Governor of Indian-held Kashmir.

July 2: Intrigue hatched against Farooq by new Governor Jagmohan leads to dismissal of his government.

July 13: Curfew imposed on Martyrs’ Day.

July 31: Assembly summoned by Jagmohan, and through defections and other methods mandate is conferred on G.M Shah by 43 votes to zero with Farooq and his party-men staging walkout.


August 15: Police fires on anti-India demonstration in Srinagar on Indian Independence Day.

March 7: G.M. Shah Government is bundled out of office.

November 7: Farooq Abdullah is returned to power but only after he has agreed to share power with Congress.


January 19: 14 Muslim parties form United Muslim Front.


March 23: Elections are held and Farooq wins 38 seats, mostly in Valley, with Congress taking 24 seats from Jammu.

March 27: Farooq is once again sworn in as Chief Minister. Widespread rigging reported and leaders of United Muslim Front arrested.


June 10: Protest march in Srinagar against rise in power rates is fired on. Three killed; three-day strike follows.

August 15: Indian Independence Day sees Srinagar under curfew.

August 17: Demonstrations in Srinagar streets at the news of Pakistan President Zia-ul-Haq’s death in plane crash.

August 18: Four protesters shot dead by police.

August 26: Three more protesters  killed.

August 2: Curfew is lifted in Srinagar after 13 days.

September: DIG Kashmir, A M Watali’s house attacked in Srinagar. One attacker killed.


January-March: Protests against Salman Rushdie’s book, The Satanic Verses, lead to massive demonstrations in Srinagar. 50 people are injured in clash with police. Protests and clashes with police continue.

April 3: Two bombs are thrown at police by crowd demonstrating against indiscriminate arrests of Kashmiri youth. Situation remains tense and marked by unrest and use of force by police for about one week.

July 11: Gen. K.V. Krishna Rao is sworn in as Governor in place of Jagmohan.

July 20: Communal clashes take place in Leh, Ladakh.

August 15: Indian Independence Day is marked by total strike in Srinagar.

August 25: Indian troops desecrate the Central Jamia Mosque, Srinagar. Hundreds of believers were severely beaten up and dozens of innocent people arrested by the Indian troops.

September 15: Hindu right-wing BJP leader Jia Lal Taploo is shot dead by unknown attackers.

November 4: Neel Kanth Ganjoo who had sentenced JKLF leader Maqbool Butt to death is killed.

December 8: JKLF kidnaps Rubaiya Sayeed, daughter of Union Home Minister Mufti Mohammad Sayeed, who is viewed as India’s prime Kashmiri collaborator.

December 13: Rubaiya is released unharmed in exchange of five JKLF men detained by occupation authorities.

December 15: Curfew is imposed in entire Valley and five people are killed by police.


January 19: Jagmohan is brought back as Governor and Governor Rule is declared again. Farooq Abdullah resigns as Chief Minister. Jagmohan ‘celebrates’ his return to power by ordering night-long house-to-house searches in Srinagar.

January 20: Protests against these excesses are dealt with sternly and 35 Kashmiris are killed.

January 22: Eight Kashmiris are killed in firing by security forces in Srinagar. 200 policemen protest against killing of their comrades by Indian para-military forces.

February 10: 10 youth are killed in Indian army firing while crossing the ceasefire line from Chakothi on the call of National Liberation Front.

February 13: Lassa Koul, director of Indian TV channel Doordarshan’s Srinagar station is killed by unknown assailants.

February 16: Jagmohan dissolves State Assembly.

March 01: Mass exodus of Kashmiri Pundits begins from Valley largely because of Jagmohan’s orders, the aim being to give situation religious, communal color. 30 killed in Zakura, near Hazratbal shrine and Barzala locality of Srinagar.

March 4: The liberation organisations advocating Kashmiris’ accession with Pakistan form a forum, Tehreek-e-Hurriyate Kashmir in Srinagar. Advocate Mian Abdul Qayoom heads the forum.

March 24: Mir Mustafa, former Assembly member kidnapped and killed.

April 6: Mushir-ul-Haq, Kashmir University vice-chancellor is kidnapped with 2 others by Jammu-Kashmir Students Liberation Front.

April 10-11: The kidnapped are killed.

May 21: Mirwaiz Maulvi Mohammad Farooq is killed. His funeral procession is fired on by security forces killing 50.

May 25: Jagmohan resigns.

May 26: Jagmohan is succeeded by Girish Chandra Saxena, once security adviser to Rajiv Gandhi and V.P. Singh.

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