1991

May 5: 73 Kashmiris described by India as militants are killed near cease-fire line.

May 8: Up to 50 people are killed when security forces fire at funeral procession.

1992

February 11: JKLF leader Amanullah Khan leads march through Azad Kashmir in a bid to cross cease-fire line. Marchers stopped well short of line, many are arrested.

April 14: 14 innocent Kashmiris are killed by Indian forces near Srinagar in retaliation against firing at two officers.

July 15: JKLF and Hizbul Mujahideen declare self-determination as their common goal.

1993

January 7: 40 Kashmiris killed in Sopore in retaliatory action by Indian forces.

March 7: Nearly 30 parties and groups including JKLF, join together to form All-Parties Hurriyat Conference in Srinagar,  headed by Mirwaiz Omar Farooq, son of the slain Mirwaiz Maulvi Mohammad Farooq.

March 12: Gen. K.V. Krishna Rao  is appointed Governor.

April 23: State police go on strike against killing of Constable Riyaz Ahmed in Indian army custody. Army disarms strikers.

May 01: Almost entire town of Sopore destroyed by fire believed to have been started by Indian security troops.

October: US Assistant Secretary of State for South Asia Robin Raphel in a briefing to correspondents in Washington casts doubts about finality and even validity of instrument of accession signed by Maharaja to join Jammu and Kashmir State to India in 1947. Raphel’s words

“We view Kashmir as a disputed territory and that means that we do not recognize that instrument of accession as meaning that Kashmir is forevermore an integral part of India.” This causes uproar in India where US is denounced for interference in India’s internal affairs. Subsequently, on several occasions, administration officials reiterate that US considers entire State as disputed territory.

October 15: Indian troops besiege Hazratbal shrine; heavy paramilitary contingents are reinforced and sandy bag bunkers erected around the shrine before and after the siege. More than 65 people including women and children are captivated without any supply of food and essential commodities for 32 successive days. Even water supply to the shrine was cut off after the siege.

October 22: More than 50 protesters are martyred and another 100 injured in indiscriminate firing by paramilitary forces in Bijbehara, Islamabad.

November 16: Complete shutdown observed in Kashmir for 32 days till the siege was lifted. Shrine is still under surveillance of troops frisking every visitor. The month-long siege is finally resolved through negotiations and those holed up are allowed safe passage. During this crisis, HurriyAt Conference gains importance as it organizes mass boycotts, public demonstrations and protests throughout the Valley to protest siege of Kashmir’s holiest shrine. Hurriyat leaders play important role in negotiating end to crisis.

1994

March: In an interview in Geneva to a Pakistani newspaper correspondent, Indian Minister of State for External Affairs Salman Khurshid says India does not consider people of Jammu and Kashmir party to the dispute.


Leave a Reply

Kashmir Media Service | Login